Published 1/06/2012 by

Japanese language immersion: Day 4 ~

Japanese language immersion will end on January 15th!
Till them I'll update daily.
Afterwards I might add some short Japanese essays... and then go back to my 2-3 posts/week schedule ^^

Let's start DAY 4!

 Reviewed: basic (ア、エ、イ、オ、ウ), k-series (カ、ケ、キ、コ、ク) s-series (サ、セ、シ、ソ、ス)  t-series (タ、テ、チ、ト、ツ), n-series (ナ、ネ、ニ、ノ、ヌ), h-series (ハ、ヘ、ヒ、ホ、フ), m-series (マ、メ、ミ、モ、ム) and r-series (ラ、レ、リ、ロ、ル).  Learned the y-series (ヤ、ヨ、ユ), w-series (ワ、ヲ) and n (). I'll start studying the extended Kana (バ、ポ、グ etc) tomorrow! ~

Once again, reviewed Kanji from Lesson 1 - Lesson 5 and prepared Lesson 6:

 Workbook! Again, similar grammar like yesterday. Description using left/right (location markers)

location markers:
A wa B no ue ni ari masu. - A is above B.
A wa B no shita ni ari masu. - A is below B.
A wa B no hidari ni ari masu. - A is to the left of B.
A wa B no migi ni ari masu. - A is to the right of B.
A wa B no tonari ni ari masu. - A is next to B.

expressions to ask questions:
dore ga.... desu ka. - Which is ...?  /  kore ga... desu. - This is...
koko ni nani ga ari masu ka. - What is here?  /  koko ni.... ari masu. - Here are/is ...-
...wa doko desu ka. - Where is...?  /  ...wa doko desu - ...is here.

rinbingu wa doko desk ka?. Where's the living room?
ribingu wa kaidan no hidari ni ari masu. The living room is to the left of the stairs.
Koko ni toire ga ari masu. Toire wa ribingu no tonari ni ari masu. This here is the toilet. The toilet is next to the living room.

④ Adjectives cards : Just studied the V3 flash cards ^^

 Now it's finally getting interesting! We start learning verb stems!
Until now we only used desu, i masu, ari masu. Now we will learn more verbs & their stems!

Today: V3, the dictionary form (iku, kau, taberu)

some verbs (V3):
nomu - drink
taberu -  eat
oyogu - swim
kau - buy
iku - go
miru - see/watch

Expressions with V3
V3 alone: informal speech
V3 + koto - /nominalisation of the verb/
V3 + koto ga ari masu - it happens/has been done --- very complicated to translate -- see: Examples
V3 + koto ga ari masen - it doesn't happen/hasn't been done

V3 + koto wa (adj) desu - it's (adj) to do
V3 + koto ga deki masu/masen - ability to do something/not being able to do something--- see: Examples

V3 + no ga suki/kirai desu - (I) like to...

V3 + tsumori desu - (I) plan to...
V3 + tame ni... - In order to do V3, ...

V3 + toki ni - When I V3, ....
V3 + mae ni - Before I V3, ...

These Expressions are very hard to understand without examples, so let's take a closer look:

(toshokan de) biiru o nomu koto ga ari masu ka? Do you drink Beer (in the library)? (Has it happened that...)
Oyogu koto ga deki masu ka? Can you swim? (ability)
Terebi o miru no ga suki desu. I like watching TV.
(Rainen) umi de oyogu tsumori desu. (Next year) I plan to go swimming in the sea.
Nihongo o benkyô suru mae ni Bento o tabemasu. Before learning Japanese I eat a Bento.

And that's all for today! ^^ ~