1/07/2012

Published 1/07/2012 by

Japanese language immersion: Day 5 ~

Starting DAY 5!
iToday I agree to go with laogong to his school and keep him company while studying (He goes there every day and studies from 9am-6pm). So today was a big review day!

 I think I'm getting better at the basic Katakana! *^_^*
basic (ア、エ、イ、オ、ウ), k-series (カ、ケ、キ、コ、ク) s-series (サ、セ、シ、ソ、ス)  t-series (タ、テ、チ、ト、ツ), n-series (ナ、ネ、ニ、ノ、ヌ), h-series (ハ、ヘ、ヒ、ホ、フ), m-series (マ、メ、ミ、モ、ム) and r-series (ラ、レ、リ、ロ、ル), y-series (ヤ、ヨ、ユ), w-series (ワ、ヲ) and n (). 
So I slowly started learning the extended Kana, namely the:
g-series (ガ、ゲ、ギ、ゴ、グ) and z-series (ザ、ゼ、ジ、ゾ、ズ
I know, the Kana are the same plus those two strokes but sometimes those strokes will confuse me completely... that's why I'm treating the extended Kana as if I was learning completely new Kana. ^^'

② I reviewed all Kanji from Lesson 1 - Lesson 6!

 GRAMMAR time! Let's learn another verb stem!
Today: V1, the irrealis form (ika, kawa, tabe)
The V1 form + nai c an be used for an informal negative sentence.  Example: ikanai! (I don't go!)
With V1 we can also express daily duties, what we have to do or asking someone not to do something!

some verbs (V3 → V1):
nomu → noma - drink
taberu → tabe -  eat
oyogu → oyoga - swim
kau → kawa - buy
iku → ika - go
miru → mi - see/watch
suru → shi - do



Expressions with V1

V1 + nai - informal negative sentence

V1 + nakereba narimasen (deshita) - (I) have to ... /daily duties/

V1 + nai de kudasai! - Please don't ...!
V1 + nai hô ga ii(/yokatta) desu. - It would (have been) be better if you didn't ...

time expressions:
maitoshi - every year / maitsuki - every month / maishû - every week / mainichi - every day

maiasa - every morning / maiban - every evening / asaban - (Daily) mornings and evenings

yoku - often / fudan - normally, usually itsumo - always  nankai - how often


Example: 
Mainichi toshokan de bento o noma nakereba narimasen. I have to eat a Bento in the library every day.
(Fuyu ni) umi de oyoga nai de kudasai! Please don't go swimming in the sea (in winter).
Maiasa gakkô de biiru o noma nai hô ga ii desu. It would be better not to drink a beer every day at school.
Nankai uchi de nihongo o benkyô shi nakereba narimasen ka? How often do you have to study Japanese at home (like you're obligated =D)


④ Adjectives cards: I practiced the flash cards for V3 and V1.

  Let's review and study some new particles!


ka  - question marker // example: Oishii desu ka. Does it taste good?
to - 1) conjunction // example: Tomodachi to... With my friend... // Neko to inu imasu. There's a cat and a dog.
2) quotation // example: ...to omoi masu. I think that:""
ya - incomplete list // example: hon ya zasshi ya nado ga ari masu. There are books and magazines (and more stuff).
yo - assertion // example: iku yo. I'm leaving!
ne - tag questions/ "eh" example: kawaii desu ne. It's cute, isn't it?

now the most important ones (meaning:the ones I have most trouble with ( ̄▽ ̄)ゞ)

o - object marker // example: bento o tabe masu. I eat a Bento.
ni - 1) location (without action) // example: Uchi ni i masu. I'm at home.
2) purpose // example: benkyô ni gakkô e iki masu. I go to school to study. (=in order to)
3) time // example: go-ji ni tabe masu.  I eat at five. // fuyu ni... In winter...
4) indirect object marker // example: tomodachi ni hon o kaeshimasu. I give the book back to my friend.
de - 1) location (with action) // example: Uchi de benkyô shimasu. I'm studying at home.
2) instrumental // example: o-hashi de tabe masu. Eating with the chopsticks (using)
3) language // example: nihongo de kakemasu. Writing in Japanese.
- direction marker // example: nihon e ikimasu. I go to Japan.
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